BMW X5 (E53)
BMW E53 first generation BMW X5 mid-size luxury crossover. It was produced from 1999-2006 and has been replaced by the BMW E70. On the E53 was developed at a time when BMW still owned land Rover and as such shares many components and designs with land Rover range Rover L322 models and BMW E39 5 series. All in-car infotainment systems are shared with other BMWs and L322.
1. History. (История)
The history of the X5 begins in 1994, when ideas began on a passenger car BMW sports after the acquisition of land Rover. Eduard Walek was named project Manager and chief engineer of the E53. Chris Chapman joined BMW Designworks supports groups in California and later began to work with the bracelet in Munich for two natural samples of clay E53 for two months. By the fall of 1996, was approved by the project work and design basis for the X5 E53 was defined, 35 months prior to the start of production. After the provider and involving technical, the final design freeze was achieved in the first half of 1997, with prototypes being tested from the second half of 1997. The design patents were filed on 10 June 1998 and 9 December 1998, being registered in the U.S. 18 January 2000.
The takeover of Rover in 1994 has been very beneficial for BMW in the development of the X5. BMW engineers were able to look at and use range Rover technology and parts in the development of the X5 - one such example would be hill-descent control. In many respects, the design of the X5 was influenced by its British counterpart, for example, the X5 got the two-piece tailgate straight from the range Rover. Many parts and electronics were also taken directly from the E39 5 series parts bin to save costs.
In contrast to the model range Rover, the X5 was designed as a sporting road car: its off-road capabilities are significantly less than the land Rover. BMW reportedly worked hard to ensure he was referred to as an SAV sports car and not SUV sport SUV.
Although the X5 was a four-wheel drive vehicle, BMW chose from the start of the route 62% of the torque of the engine to the rear wheels, making it feel as close as possible to the companys rear-wheel drive sedans drive.
2. Production. (Производство)
X5 along with BMW Z4 E85 Roadster, BMW X6, BMW X3, BMW was made in South Carolina plant in Greer and at the BMW Mexican plant in Toluca, Mexico, along with the BMW 3 series, BMW 5 series and BMW 7 series.
3. X5 LM. (Х5 ЛМ)
Disposable version known as the X5 LM was equipped with the engine of the S70 / 3 V12 1999 Le Mans win BMW V12 LMR. It was used by Hans Joachim stuck to set a lap record at the Nurburgring in 2000.
4. 4.6 and 4.8 is. (4.6 и 4.8 это)
Sporty model badged 4.6 is was released in 2001. 4.6 is equipped with a V8 engine with M62TUB46 amounted to 340 HP 254 kW 345 PS. In 4.6 it was available in 4 colors. It was attended by 20 inch wheels, which were installed bigger brakes than stock X5. He also had an additional rear arches along with the different front and rear bumpers. In 2004, the 4.6 is was replaced by the 4.8 is model which had a 4.8 l N62 engine produces 355 HP 265 kW, 360 HP.
5. Restyling 2003. (Рестайлинг 2003)
In 2000, the development of a mid-cycle update to start planning for 2003. By the end of 2001, was a radical new design, choose in favor of the new design theme of the brand. In 2002, after dissatisfaction in relation to the 2001 E65 design, the more conservative the appearance was better and the frozen of the production of 2003.
In July 2003, the redesigned X5 was introduced in the 2004 model year at the motor show in September 2003, with new headlights, a few new exterior colors, a new system of four-wheel drive and upgraded engines. Production began in Spartanburg on September 26. The grilles were enlarged, as well as their actual slats being modified in a flame surfaced styling. In keeping with the E39 facelift of 2001, 2004 X5s headlights got corona rings around all four headlights spotlights. The taillights also received a facelift similar to the BMW E39, and the exterior glass went from a "dotted" pattern to a cleaner "line" pattern. BMW invented a new four-wheel drive system dubbed xDrive in the X5 and X3 in 2004. Instead of using the previous X5 system which consisted of power split 62-38 rear wheels-front wheels and DSC to brake wheels losing traction, xDrive could vary power to the front or rear axles in milliseconds, to transfer up to 100% of engine power to both axles, allowing the car to quickly restore grip.
The X5 got the new 4.4 I engine which debuted in the 2002 7 series, power output increased from 290-315 HP 216-235 kW, 294-319 PS. Also starting in April, a new X5 4.8 is was offered below, produces 355 HP 265 kW, 360 HP. Sales began in September 2003.
Several new additions were added to the 2004 X5 such as:
- Soft-boot close feature upper body pulls closed.
- Adaptive headlights are only available with xenon headlights, these swivel in the direction of movement of the vehicle. Bi-xenon headlights for low and high beam have replaced the low beam HID lights.
- The stability program of the trailer, making it the ideal tow truck.
Originally, it was announced in late 2003 along with the rest of the X5 facelift, the X5 4.8 first went on sale in April 2004. He had a more powerful engine 4.8 l, which replaced the 4.6 l engine and was later used in the 2005 750i / Li. It also included a slightly modified bodykit parts of the bottom bumper became painted the body color, 20" wheels, and along with the 4.6 is X5s only ever have a large chrome tipped exhaust which hid the Quad-pipe.
6. X5 Security. (Х5 Безопасности)
Security Edition is an X5 variant with safety glass, heavy-duty material and ballistics-resistant steel. debuted in 2003 at the Frankfurt motor show.
- Assault alarm, which when activated, locks all doors and emits visual and audible alerts.
- B4 / VR4 ballistic protection, capable of withstanding handguns up to.44 Magnum, including.357 Magnum or 9mm Luger.
- Intercom to speak with people outside the vehicle.
- Polycarbonate glass with a coating to reduce spall.
- Run-flat tires, allowing you to continue driving with a deflated tire at speeds up to 80 km / h 50 km / h about 50 km 31 Mi.
7. A Copy Of The X5. (Копия Х5)
In June 2008, the regional court of Munich ruled that the Chinese SUV brand, "Shuang-Huan SCEO" is a copy of BMW X5, prohibited the defendant importer of these vehicles in the "trade in Germany" offer and ordered the destruction of all "vehicles with a certain look" at which the defendants possession of or owned, Arizona.: 4HK ABOUT 16807 / 07.
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