BMW 7 Series
BMW 7 series is a full-size luxury sedans produced by German automaker BMW since 1977. It is the successor to the BMW E3 "new six" sedans, and is currently in its sixth generation.
The 7 series is BMWs flagship vehicle and is only available in the sedan, including a long wheelbase and model of limousine. She traditionally introduces technologies and exterior design themes Before they get to the other models in the BMW lineup.
The first generation 7 series was equipped with straight-6 petrol engines and the next generation of manned straight-4, straight-6, V8 and V12 engines with natural aspiration and turbocharging. Since 1995, diesel engines were required in 7 series.
Unlike the 3 series and 5 series sedan, BMW has released a model M for 7 series, i.e. the "M7". However, the 2014 version of "M Performance" became available for the 7 series.
1. The first generation E23, from 1977 to 1987. (Первое поколение Е23, с 1977 по 1987)
On the E23 its the first generation 7 series was produced from 1977 to 1987. It was built in a 4-door sedan body type with 6-cylinder engines to replace the E3 sedans. From 1983 to 1987, turbocharged 6-cylinder engine was available.
On E23 introduced many electronic functions for the first time in the BMW, including the onboard computer, the indicator light service interval, check the "control panel" warning lamp for indication of system faults to the driver, recorder and complex climate control. It was also the first BMW to offer ABS, airbags drivers and double wishbone front suspension.
2. The second generation Е32, 1986-1994. (Второе поколение Е32, 1986-1994)
On Е32 is the second generation of 7-series, which was produced from 1986 to 1994. It was initially available with a straight six or V12 engine. In 1992, the V8 engines became available.
On Е32 submitted the following features for the first time in the BMW electronic damper control, and the V12 and V8, double glazing, electronic bus Protocol, xenon headlights, traction control and dual-zone climate control. On Е32 full 750i was the first car adhering to BMWs voluntary speed limit of 250 km / h 155 km / h. model of Il was the first time that was long-wheelbase variant offered by BMW.
3. The third-generation E38, 1994-2001. (Третьего поколения Е38, 1994-2001)
On the third-generation E38 7-series, which was produced from 1994 to 2001. The model range consisted of standard length and long-wheelbase models, "Il" sedans.
Available petrol engines included the inline six-cylinder, V8 and V12 engines. On the E38 was the first series 7 will be available with a diesel engine originally turbo inline-six, who joined turbo V8 in 1998.
On the E38 was the first car available with curtain airbags. It was also the first European car to offer satellite navigation and BMW the first to offer built in TV.
4. The fourth generation E65 / E66 / E67 / E68, 2001-2008. (Четвертое поколение Е65 / Е66 / Е67 / Е68, 2001-2008)
In E65 / E66 / E67 / E68-the fourth generation 7 series, which was produced from 2001 to 2008. The model range consisted of standard-length and extended-wheelbase "Li" model sedans.
In E65 / E66 / E67 / E68 was the first BMW to include iDrive, "flame-surfacing" design of active stabilizer bars, 6-speed automatic transmission, electronic smart key without the traditional metal key and night vision. Model 760i was the worlds first production V12 engines to use direct injection.
5. Fifth generation F01 / F02 / F03 / F04, 2008-2015. (Пятого поколения F01 / Ф02 / Ф03 / Ф04, 2008-2015)
On the F01 / F02 / F03 / F04 is the fifth generation 7 series, which was produced from 2008 to 2015. The model range consisted of standard-length and extended-wheelbase "Li" model sedans.
For F01, the first BMW to be available with a hybrid powertrain "active hybrid 7", 8-speed automatic transmission and a turbocharged V12 engine. She was also the first series 7 will be available with a turbocharged petrol engine and all-wheel drive all-wheel drive.
6. The sixth generation G11 / G12, 2015–present. (Шестое поколение Г11 / г12, 2015–настоящее время)
In the G11 / G12 is the sixth generation 7-series which was in production from 2015. It was revealed on 10 June 2015 at BMW headquarters in Munich. The official public reveal took place in 2015 at the international motor show Germany.
G11 under the code name short-Wheelbase model, the extended wheelbase model, codenamed G12 and designated with the additional letter "L".
In the G11 / G12 is the first in the line of cars of BMW will be based on a modular platform OKL Oberklasse, German for luxury. OOK technological platform for the first time the model of BMW i, in particular, the introduction of carbon fiber reinforced polymer as structural components of the chassis.
Within BMWs strategy for the implementation of plug-in hybrid variants for all future models of cars, both short and long wheelbase models will be available with a hybrid powertrain, under the designation 740e equipped and 740Le in 2016.
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