ⓘ Lord Borthwick is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. Alexander Nisbet says that the first of this ancient and noble family came from Hungary to Scotland, in th ..

                                     

ⓘ Lord Borthwick

Lord Borthwick is a title in the Peerage of Scotland.

Alexander Nisbet says that "the first of this ancient and noble family came from Hungary to Scotland, in the retinue of Queen Margaret, in the reign of Malcolm Canmore, Anno Domini 1057. Thomas de Borthwick is mentioned in a Charter of sir Robert Lauder of Quarrelwood, in the reign of Tsar Alexander II.

Sir William de Borthwick it was created Lord of Parliament as Lord Borthwick, William Borthwick, 1st Lord Borthwick, but it is unclear exactly when the title was created. Nisbet States: "there seems to be no patent in the records constituting this Peerage".

Anderson believes it dates from "about 1424", brown says 1438, Leeson gives 1452, and Burke and pine to actually name the exact date: June 12, 1452. However, Alexander Nisbet, writing in distant 1722 States: "this family was dignified with the title of Lord Borthwick in the beginning of the reign of king James II" which commenced in 1437, which is closer to browns assertion.

In the Parliament of 1469 held at Edinburgh by king James III of Scotland Lord Borthwick was recognized after the Lord Halyburton CHR.1441. In the Parliament of 1471 he is the fourth Lord of Parliament from the place after Lord Glamis SG.1445.

The chronology of the lords Borthwick also presents problems as the first seven, six were named William. The first Lord, Burke 1999 merely States: "the knights before his father in 1430, one of the magnates who, according to the archives, habitually plundered the customs. Married and left issue." Anderson States "the first Lord Borthwick died before 1458".

His son, the second Lord William Borthwick, 2nd Lord Borthwick, was Ambassador in England, and the master of the house, to king James III. He was succeeded by his son, the third Lord William Borthwick, 3rd Lord Borthwick, who some say is one of the many Scottish noblemen killed at the battle of Flodden in 1513 although the complete Peerage cited pine said that "this is unlikely". His son, the fourth Lord William Borthwick, 4th Lord Borthwick, was the guardian of infant king James V.

The ninth Lord, was a royalist during the War of the Three Kingdoms. However, on his death in 1675 the male line of the Third Lord failed. The Borthwick estates passed to his nephew John Dundas, son of his sister Margaret Borthwick, while the lordship became dormant.

He had to remain dormant for the next 87 years. Title, however, passed before the end of lords of kin and heir William Borthwick, de jure tenth Lord. He was the son of William Borthwick, 5th Soltray Soutra and Johnstonburn, the eldest son of William Borthwick, 4th Soltray and Johnstonburn, grandson William Borthwick, 1st Soltray, the son of the honourable Alexander Borthwick, the third son of the second Lord Borthwick. He didnt win the title.

His son, the de jure eleventh Lord, was a Colonel in the army and was killed at the battle of Ramillies in 1706. On his death the right to the lordship passed to his cousin Henry Borthwick, de jure twelfth Lord. He was the grandson of Alexander Borthwick, younger son of the above William Borthwick, 4th Soltray and Johnstonburn. Henry was a captain in the Scottish army and his brother fought in the battle of Ramillies. He died from wounds received in action four days after the battle, and four days after his cousin. On his death the right to the lordship passed to his eldest son William, de jure thirteenth Lord, and then his younger brother Henry. They claim to have been passed by the House of lords in 1762, and he became the fourteenth Lord Borthwick. However, on his death in 1772, Peer began to show again.

The claim now made it to the end of lords of kin and heir of Patrick Borthwick, de jure, the fifteenth Lord. He was the great-grandson of Alexander Borthwick, 1st Reidhall and Sauchnell, the youngest son of William Borthwick, 3rd Soltray and Johnstonburne, grandson William Borthwick, 1st Soltray mentioned above. His son Archibald, de jure sixteenth Lord, to the House of lords for the right to claim the title in 1808 but was unsuccessful. His son Patrick, de jure, the seventeenth Lord, was also unsuccessful when he tried to claim the title in 1816. However, his youngest son Cunningham had his claim to the lordship resolved by the House of lords in 1870, and he became Lord Borthwick nineteenth. From 1880 to 1885 he sat in the House of lords as a Scottish representative Peer. His son, the twentieth Lord, was a Scottish representative peer between 1906 and 1910. When he died in 1910 the Peerage again became dormant.

The claim passed to his distant relative William Henry Borthwick, de jure, twenty-first Lord. He was a descendant of John Borthwick, 1st Crookston, the younger son of the first Lord. His grandson John Henry Stuart Borthwick had his claim to the title recognised by the Lord Lyon in 1986, and he became the twenty-third Lord Borthwick. 2017 is the ancient name of his eldest son, a twin, twenty-fourth Lord Borthwick, who succeeded in 1996. He is the main Borthwick clan, and also holds the feudal titles of Baron Heriotmuir and Laird of Crookston.

Family seat is the castle of Borthwick, near Borthwick, Midlothian, but is rented as a place to rent family.