ⓘ Lord Ruthven of Freeland is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1651 for Thomas Ruthven. He was the grandson of Alexander Ruthven, younger son ..

                                     

ⓘ Lord Ruthven of Freeland

Lord Ruthven of Freeland is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1651 for Thomas Ruthven. He was the grandson of Alexander Ruthven, younger son of William Ruthven, 2nd Lord Ruthven. The letters patent creating the peerage is said to have been burnt with the House of Freeland in 1750, and the remainder to the peerage is not accurately known. However, as the dignity was retained on the Union Roll, it has been presumed that the honour was to heirs-general. Lord Ruthven of Freeland was succeeded by his son, the second Lord. He never married and on his death in 1722 the title and estates devolved by entail upon his youngest sister, Jean. On her death the estates passed to her nephew Sir William Cunningham, 3rd Baronet, of Cunninghamhead. He was the only son of Anne, elder sister of the third Lady Ruthven and also heir of line. He assumed the surname of Ruthven upon the death of his aunt, but lived only six months after his accession to the estates and never assumed the title.

As he was childless, the title passed to his cousin Isabella Ruthven, the fourth owner. She was the daughter of the honourable Elizabeth Ruthven, second daughter of the first Lord, her marriage to sir Francis Ruthven, 1st baronet, for services. She married James Johnstone of Graitney, who along with his wife assumed the name Ruthven instead of Johnston. Isabella was called as the lady at the coronation of king George II and is reflected in the lordship of Ruthven of Friend. Her great-grandson the title descended in a direct line, the seventh Lord, died childless. He was succeeded by his younger sister Mary Elizabeth, the eighth winner of the title. She was the wife of Walter hore and they later assumed the additional family surname of Ruthven after this, hore. Her grandson, the ninth Lord, was a Lieutenant-Colonel in the rifle brigade and fought at an early age in the Crimean war, and during the First World War, though then he was already over seventy. In 1919 he was created Baron Ruthven of Gowrie, of Gowrie in the County of Perth, in the peerage of the United Kingdom, which gave him an automatic seat in the House of lords.

His second son, the Honourable Alexander choir-Ruthven served as Governor-General of Australia and was created Earl of Gowrie, in 1945. Lord Ruthven of Freeland was succeeded by his eldest son, the tenth Lord. He was a major-General in the Scots guards. He died without male issue and was successfully Barony of Ruthven of Gowrie, with his great-nephew grey Ruthven, 2nd Earl of Gowrie, to see the Earl Gowrie, with a further history of the Barony. The lordship of Ruthven of Freeland, which could be transmitted through the female lines, was inherited by his eldest daughter Bridget, the eleventh of the owner. Her request, as heir of line and tailzie the heir of the First Lord was permitted to Lyon court in 1967. She married, first, George Jocelyn Lestrange Howard, 11th Earl of Carlisle, and secondly, sir Walter Moncton. On her death in 1982 the title passed to her son from her first marriage, the twelfth Lord, who had already succeeded his father as twelfth Earl of Carlisle. For the subsequent history of the lordship, see Earl of Carlisle.