ⓘ Yamaguchi 4th district is a single-member electoral district for the House of Representatives, the lower house of the National Diet of Japan. It is located in W ..

                                     

ⓘ Yamaguchi 4th district

Yamaguchi 4th district is a single-member electoral district for the House of Representatives, the lower house of the National Diet of Japan. It is located in Western Yamaguchi and consists of the cities of Shimonoseki and Nagato. As of September 2011, 266.456 voters were registered in the district, giving its voters well above average vote weight. Unlike many prefectures where the capital is also the most populous city, Yamaguchis major city is Shimonoseki, located at the western tip of Honshū and part of the Fukuoka-Kitakyūshū metropolitan area.

Yamaguchi is home to the Kishi-Abe-Sato family of Prime Ministers, the members of which represented the Prefecture in the diet throughout most of the postwar era and Tanaka Prime Ministers to the family, which produced the first two elected governors. Western Yamaguchi is formed of the four members of the 1st quarter until the electoral reforms of 1990-ies, its members, in particular, Shintarō Abe, Shinzo Abe and Tatsuo Tanaka, but also other prominent conservatives such as Finance Minister Yoshirō Hayashi or Takeo Kawamura, who later became Secretary-General of the Cabinet of Ministers in 2000-ies. Liberal democratic party the LDP usually took three seats in one. In the reform of the electoral system, the 1st district was divided into single member of the 3rd and 4th districts. In the first post-reform election of 1996, the 4th quarter was challenged by Shinzo Abe and Takaaki Koga, himself a former liberal Democrat who in 1993 took the opposition a seat in the 1st district of the socialists for party Renewal. But Abe won, and easily held the seat since. He was elected President of PMR in 2006 against the ASO stipulated on Tarot and Sadakazu Tanigaki, but resigned after one year. In 2012, the party – in opposition since 2009 re-elected the third President of the PMR will not become Prime Minister immediately after his election. Abe subsequently won the 2012 election in a landslide victory over the DPJ in Japan, Yoshihiko Noda, returning the LDP to power with a coalition partner New Komeito, the LDP has a two-thirds majority and unable to break the deadlock in the diet.