ⓘ Shiga 1st district is a single-member constituency of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the national Diet of Japan. It is located in Western Shig ..

                                     

ⓘ Shiga 1st district

Shiga 1st district is a single-member constituency of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the national Diet of Japan. It is located in Western Shiga and covers the cities of Ōtsu, the prefectural capital, and Takashima. As of 2009, 314.742 eligible voters were registered in the district.

In the districts first representative of the district after its creation in the electoral reform of 1994 was Democratic Socialist Tatsuo Kawabata who had represented the five-member SNTV Shiga at the district since 1986. After the party reforms of the 1990s, he, like most ex-democratic socialists eventually joined the Democratic party, Minshutō Japan, where he became a leading figure in the democratic socialist faction, also commonly called Kawabata group. In the landslide "postal election" in 2005, Kawabata lost the 1st district of whitefish liberal Democrat Kenichirō Ueno, but restored it in the General election of 2009 that swept Democrats to power. Kawabata became Minister of state in the Hatoyama, Kan and Noda cabinets, Ueno, which is not the elections on the proportional system was a candidate in the 2010 gubernatorial election Shiga Prefecture, but lost to center-left supported the incumbent Yukiko Kada. In the landslide Democratic defeat in 2012, Kawabata lost area of the liberal democratic former member of Shizuoka Prefecture Ooka Toshitaka. Despite his relatively narrow margin of defeat, which gave him rank 4 on the DPJs list in kinki, Kawabata also failed to win a proportional seat as the Democratic party was reduced to fourth party 12.0% in the kinki proportional vote and won only three of 29 seats.