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Horse theft

Horse theft is the crime of stealing horses. A person engaged in stealing horses is known as a horse thief. Horse theft was very common throughout the world prior to widespread car ownership. Punishments were often severe for horse theft, with se ...

Illegal construction

Illegal construction is construction work without a valid construction permit. Besides the potential technical hazards on uncontrolled construction sites and in finished buildings, illegal building activity can be a major environmental violation ...

Illegal logging

Illegal logging is the harvest, transportation, purchase or sale of timber in violation of laws. The harvesting procedure itself may be illegal, including using corrupt means to gain access to forests; extraction without permission, or from a pro ...

Illegal mining

Illegal mining is mining activity that is undertaken without state permission, in particular in absence of land rights, mining licenses, and exploration or mineral transportation permits. Illegal mining can be a subsistence activity, as is the ca ...

Illegal taxicab operation

Illegal taxicabs, sometimes known as pirate taxis or gypsy cabs, are taxicabs and other for-hire vehicles that are not duly licensed or permitted by the jurisdiction in which they operate. Most major cities worldwide require taxicabs to be licens ...

Ivory trade

The ivory trade is the commercial, often illegal trade in the ivory tusks of the hippopotamus, walrus, narwhal, mammoth, and most commonly, African and Asian elephants. Ivory has been traded for hundreds of years by people in Africa and Asia, res ...

Mochilero (drug courier)

Mochileros are drug couriers in the Latin American cocaine trade. They move cocaine on foot from areas where it is produced, such as the Valle de los Rios Apurimac, Ene y Mantaro in Peru, to pick-up points from which it can be collected by the ne ...

Money mule

A money mule, sometimes called a "smurfer," is a person who transfers money acquired illegally in person, through a courier service, or electronically, on behalf of others. Typically, the mule is paid for services with a small part of the money t ...

Mule (smuggling)

A mule or courier is someone who personally smuggles contraband across a border for a smuggling organization. The organizers employ mules to reduce the risk of getting caught themselves. Methods of smuggling include hiding the goods in vehicles o ...

Organized crime

Organized crime is a category of transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for profit. Some criminal organizations, such as terrorist groups, are po ...

Overfishing

Overfishing is the removal of a species of fish from a body of water at a rate that the species cannot replenish in time, resulting in those species either becoming depleted or very underpopulated in that given area. According to a highly contest ...

Parcel mule scam

The parcel mule scam, also known as the reshipping scam, involves scammers and unsuspecting victims handling goods to other countries. In some ways it is similar to the money mule scam. Scammers use fake advertising to hire mules. Items are bough ...

Piracy

Piracy is an act of robbery or criminal violence by ship or boat-borne attackers upon another ship or a coastal area, typically with the goal of stealing cargo and other valuable items or properties. Those who engage in acts of piracy are called ...

Prostitution

Prostitution is the business or practice of engaging in sexual activity in exchange for payment. Prostitution is sometimes described as sexual services, commercial sex or, colloquially, hooking. It is sometimes referred to euphemistically as "the ...

Sturdy beggar

In historical English law, a sturdy beggar was a person who was fit and able to work, but begged or wandered for a living instead. The Statute of Cambridge 1388 was an early law which differentiated between sturdy beggars and the infirm poor. The ...

Thuggee

Thuggee refers to the acts of Thugs, an organised gang of professional robbers and murderers. The English language word thug traces its roots to the Hindi ठग, which means swindler or deceiver. Related words are the verb thugna, from the Sanskrit ...

Tout

A tout is any person who solicits business or employment in a persistent and annoying manner. According to the American Bar Association, touting occurs when a person advertises, promotes, or otherwise describes a security for sale without disclos ...

Train robbery

Train robberies were more common in the past when trains were slower, and often occurred in the American Old West. Trains carrying payroll shipments were a major target. These shipments would be guarded by an expressman whose duty it was to prote ...

Wetwork

Wetwork is a euphemism for murder or assassination, alluding to spilling blood. The expression and the similar wet job, wet affair, or wet operation - all calques of Russian terms for such activities - can be traced to criminal slang from at leas ...

Criminal justice

Criminal justice is the delivery of justice to those who have committed crimes. The criminal justice system is a series of government agencies and institutions. Goals include the rehabilitation of offenders, preventing other crimes, and moral sup ...

Bachelor of Criminal Justice

A Bachelor of Criminal Justice is an undergraduate academic degree in the field of criminal justice. Universities that offer a BCJ include University of Colorado Denver, Florida Institute of Technology, New England College, Loyola University in N ...

Alphonse Bertillon

Alphonse Bertillon was a French police officer and biometrics researcher who applied the anthropological technique of anthropometry to law enforcement creating an identification system based on physical measurements. Anthropometry was the first s ...

Campbell Collaboration

The Campbell Collaboration is a nonprofit organization that promotes evidence-based decisions and policy through the production of systematic reviews and other types of evidence synthesis. Campbell is composed of coordinating groups that coordina ...

Capital Jury Project

The Capital Jury Project is a consortium of university-based research studies on the decision-making of jurors in death penalty cases in the United States. It was founded in 1991 and is supported by the National Science Foundation. The goal of th ...

Carlos Albizu University

Albizu University is a private, non-profit university offering undergraduate and graduate degrees in the fields of psychology, education, speech and language, criminal justice, ESOL, and human services. With the main campus in San Juan, Puerto Ri ...

Centre for Crime and Justice Studies

The Centre for Crime and Justice Studies is a charity based in the United Kingdom focusing on crime and the criminal justice system. It seeks to bring together people involved in criminal justice through various means, including publications, con ...

Children First Offenders Second

Children First, Offenders Second is a progressive and positive youth justice model that consists of eight principles. The model is structured to make a child the focus of any responses that are made, in view of their offending behavior.

Community court

In the United States and several other countries, including the United Kingdom, Canada, and South Africa, a community court is a neighborhood-focused problem-solving court that applies a problem-solving approach to local crime and safety concerns ...

Comparative contextual analysis

Comparative contextual analysis is a methodology for comparative research where contextual interrogation precedes any analysis of similarity and difference. It is a thematic process directed and designed to explore relationships of agency rather ...

Comparative criminal justice

Comparative criminal justice is a subfield of the study of Criminal justice that compares justice systems worldwide. Such study can take a descriptive, historical, or political approach. It studies the similarities and differences in structure, g ...

Consensual crime

A consensual crime is a public-order crime that involves more than one participant, all of whom give their consent as willing participants in an activity that is unlawful. Legislative bodies and interest groups sometimes rationalize the criminali ...

Coram nobis

The writ of coram nobis is a legal order allowing a court to correct its original judgment upon discovery of a fundamental error that did not appear in the records of the original judgments proceedings and would have prevented the judgment from b ...

Crime Information Center

A crime information center is a data warehouse and search engine operated by a staff of detectives that assists in providing relevant and timely information to officers conducting an investigation. The computer network stores facts about convicte ...

Outline of criminal justice

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to criminal justice: Criminal justice – system of practices and institutions of governments directed at upholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime, or sanctioning ...

Criminal punishment in Edo-period Japan

In 757 A.D., the Chinese-influenced Yoro Ritsuryo 養老律令 legal system was enacted and introduced Five Judicial Penalties 五刑. Two of the Five Judicial Penalties involved Flogging. Light Flogging provided for 10 to 50 lashes, while Heavy Floggi ...

Dallas DNA

Dallas DNA is an American television program that premiered on April 28, 2009, on the Investigation Discovery cable channel. It documents the cooperation of the Dallas County, Texas District Attorney Office with several law school innocence progr ...

Decarcerate PA

Decarcerate PA is a grassroots, all-volunteer coalition seeking to challenge mass incarceration in Pennsylvania. Decarcerate PAs platform has been endorsed by almost 100 organizations. Decarcerate PA is an intentionally democratic organization th ...

Ding zui

Ding zui is the Chinese practice of hiring impostors or body doubles to stand trial and receive punishment in ones place. The term translates as "substitute criminal," and is reported to be a relatively common practice among Chinas wealthy elite. ...

Doctor of Criminal Justice

The Doctor of Criminal Justice is a doctoral degree in the field of criminal justice. As a terminal degree, it prepares the holder for administrative, research, academic or professional positions in the criminal justice field at both public and p ...

Errors of impunity

Errors of impunity is a term used in Brian Forsts book Errors of Justice and in Robert Bohms introduction to a special edition of The Journal of Criminal Justice on miscarriages of justice. They are defined as lapses that result in criminals eith ...

Eyewitness identification

In eyewitness identification, in criminal law, evidence is received from a witness "who has actually seen an event and can so testify in court". The Innocence Project states that "Eyewitness misidentification is the single greatest cause of wrong ...

Fundamental error

Fundamental error is a legal term provided by United State Courts to describe an error which occurs whenever a judgement violates a federal fundamental right. In United States constitutional law, fundamental rights have special significance under ...

Gender responsive approach for girls in the juvenile justice system

Gender responsive approach for girls in the juvenile justice system represents an emerging trend in communities and courts throughout the United States, Australia and Latin America, as an increasing number of girls are entering the juvenile justi ...

Girl's court

A girls court is a gender responsive approach for girls in the juvenile justice system that links young "at-risk" females to social service agencies, providing informal sessions on everything from body image, education and counseling with a team ...

Impartiality

Impartiality is a principle of justice holding that decisions should be based on objective criteria, rather than on the basis of bias, prejudice, or preferring the benefit to one person over another for improper reasons.

Incarceration of women

This article discusses the incarceration of women in correctional facilities. According to a study reported in September 2014 by the International Center for Prison Studies, as of August 2014, across the world, 625.000 women and children are bein ...

Innocence Project New Orleans

Innocence Project New Orleans is a nonprofit legal organization that represents innocent prisoners serving life sentences in Louisiana and south Mississippi. It is the first organization in the Innocence Network to be established in the Deep Sout ...

Innocence Project of Texas

The Innocence Project of Texas was founded in 2006 as nonprofit to provide free investigative and legal services to indigent Texas citizens who were convicted of crimes they did not commit. ITX is operated with paid staff, law school students, vo ...

Justice Research and Statistics Association

Justice Research and Statistics Association is a national nonprofit organization of state Statistical Analysis Centers, researchers, and practitioners throughout government, academia, and justice organizations. Justice Research and Statistics Ass ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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