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Types of legal entities in Russia

Russian businesses may have one of several types of legal status. A business may operate as a limited liability company, or as a public or private joint-stock company, or may be run by a sole proprietor. Other types of commercial and non-commerci ...

List of women company founders

Laura Ashley Linda Avey Salwa Idrissi Akhannouch Janine Allis Folorunsho Alakija Jessica Alba Olajumoke Adenowo Bolanle Austen-Peters Mo Abudu Cheryl Arrowsmith Mother Angelica

Outline of working time and conditions

Employment discrimination Legal aspects of workplace bullying Workplace bullying Workplace incivility Unpaid work Work accident Workplace deviance Occupational stress Job lock Work–family conflict Hostile work environment Occupational apartheid O ...

Management

Management is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body. Management includes the activities of setting the strategy of an organization and coordinating the efforts of its em ...

Abusive supervision

Abusive supervision is most commonly studied in the context of the workplace, although can arise in other areas such as in the household and at school. "Abusive supervision has been investigated as an antecedent to negative subordinate workplace ...

Action item

In management, an action item is a documented event, task, activity, or action that needs to take place. Action items are discrete units that can be handled by a single person.

Association management company

An association management company, or AMC, provides management and specialized administrative services to non-profit trade associations and professional associations using a for-profit approach. Many AMCs serve as an organizations headquarters, m ...

Cognitive inertia

Cognitive inertia is the tendency for a particular orientation in how an individual thinks about an issue, belief or strategy to endure or resist change. The physics term inertia is to emphasize the rigidity and resistance to change in the method ...

Communities of innovation

Communities that support innovation have been referred to as communities of innovation, communities for innovation, innovation communities, open innovation communities, and communities of creation.

Completed staff work

Completed staff work is a principle of management which states that subordinates are responsible for submitting written recommendations to superiors in such a manner that the superior need do nothing further in the process than review the submitt ...

Contingency approach

Contingency approach, also known as situational approach, is a concept in management stating that there is no one universally applicable set of management principles to organizations. Organizations are individually different, face different situa ...

Control (management)

Control is a function of management which helps to check errors in order to take corrective actions. This is done to minimize deviation from standards and ensure that the stated goals of the organization are achieved in a desired manner. Accordin ...

Corporate governance

Corporate governance is the collection of mechanisms, processes and relations by which corporations are controlled and operated. Governance structures and principles identify the distribution of rights and responsibilities among different partici ...

Court of assistants

A Court of Assistants is a council of members belonging to professional, trade, craft or livery organisations. The term originated among the London Livery companies, as certain senior members who manage the affairs of the City of London Companies ...

Critical management studies

Critical management studies is a loose but extensive grouping of theoretically informed critiques of management, business and organisation, grounded originally in a critical theory perspective. Today it encompasses a wide range of perspectives th ...

Customer benefit package

A customer benefit package forms part of the operations management toolkit. It involves a clearly defined set of tangible and intangible features that the customer recognizes, purchase or use. This can be the real or perceived value that a custom ...

Decentralized decision-making

Decentralized decision-making is any process where the decision-making authority is distributed throughout a larger group. It also connotes a higher authority given to lower level functionaries, executives, and workers. This can be in any organiz ...

Delaying tactic

Delaying tactic is a deliberate action to guide decisions to achieve beneficial outcomes, by delaying a decision, or an occurrence. or by slowing it down to win an advantage. Many governments, and organizations are accused of applying such tactic ...

Delegation

Delegation is the assignment of any authority to another person to carry out specific activities. It is one of the core concepts of management leadership. However, the person who delegated the work remains accountable for the outcome of the deleg ...

Design leadership

Design leadership is a concept complementary to design management. In practice, design managers within companies often operate in the field of design leadership and design leaders in the field of design management. However, the two terms are not ...

Diagnostic Enterprise Method

The diagnostic enterprise method is a management theory whose methods were created based on Frederick Winslow Taylors principles to develop new ways in which companies can change their internal structure without outside help. Some of the techniqu ...

Disagree and commit

Disagree and commit is a management principle which states that individuals are allowed to disagree while a decision is being made, but that once a decision has been made, everybody must commit to it. The principle can also be understood as a sta ...

Dynamic capabilities

In organizational theory, dynamic capability is the capability of an organization to purposefully adapt an organizations resource base. The concept was defined by David Teece, Gary Pisano and Amy Shuen, in their 1997 paper Dynamic Capabilities an ...

Dynamic enterprise modeling

Dynamic enterprise modeling is an enterprise modeling approach developed by the Baan company, and used for the Baan enterprise resource planning system which aims "to align and implement it in the organizational architecture of the end-using comp ...

Dynaxity

Dynaxity is a compound word of dynamics and complexity. The term describes the combination of dynamics and complexity. It was invented in the late 1980s and was initially published and used by Rieckmann. The term was used by many authors, i.a. by ...

Exit criteria

Exit criteria are the criteria or requirements which must be met to complete a specific task or process as used in some fields of business or science, such as software engineering.

F-Law

Management f -Laws are subversive epigrams about common management practices. Based on observation and experience, they are used to draw attention to entrenched ways of thinking about management and business that are often at odds with common sen ...

Feedforward (management)

Feed forward in management theory is an application of the cybernetic concept of feedforward first articulated by I. A. Richards in 1951. It reflects the impact of Management cybernetics in the general area of management studies. It refers to the ...

Feminine style of management

The feminine style of management is a management style generally characterized by more feminine quality soft skills and behaviors such as empathy, effective communication, and a generally more democratic or team-styled work environment. The style ...

Foresight (psychology)

Foresight is the ability to predict, or the action of predicting, what will happen or what is needed in the future. Studies suggest that much of human daily thought is directed towards potential future events. Because of this and its role in huma ...

Full Range Leadership Model

The Full Range of Leadership Model is a general leadership theory focusing on the behavior of leaders towards the workforce in different work situations. The FRLM relates transactional and transformational leadership styles with laissez-faire lea ...

Goal

A goal is an idea of the future or desired result that a person or a group of people envision, plan and commit to achieve. People endeavour to reach goals within a finite time by setting deadlines. A goal is roughly similar to a purpose or aim, t ...

Incremental profit

Incremental profit is the profit gain or loss associated with a given managerial decision. Total profit increases so long as incremental profit is positive. When incremental profit is negative, total profit declines. Similarly, incremental profit ...

Indian Ethos in Management

Indian Ethos in Management refers to the values and practices that the culture of India can contribute to service, leadership and management. These values and practices are rooted in Sanathana Dharma, and have been influenced by various strands o ...

Innovation leadership

Innovation leadership is a philosophy and technique that combines different leadership styles to influence employees to produce creative ideas, products, and services. The key role in the practice of innovation leadership is the innovation leader ...

Instruction creep

Instruction creep occurs when instructions increase in number and size over time until they are unmanageable. It can be insidious and damaging to the success of large groups such as corporations, originating from ignorance of the KISS principle a ...

Japanese management culture

Japanese management culture refers to working philosophies or methods in Japan. It included concepts and philosophies such as just in time, kaizen and total quality management.

Joy's law (management)

In management, Joys law is the principle that "no matter who you are, most of the smartest people work for someone else,” attributed to Sun Microsystems co-founder Bill Joy. Joy was prompted to state this observation through his dislike of Bill G ...

Kick the cat

Kick the cat is a metaphor used to describe how a relatively high-ranking person in an organization or family displaces their frustrations by abusing a lower-ranking person, who may in turn take it out on their own subordinate.

Kiss up kick down

Kiss up kick down is a neologism used to describe the situation where middle level employees in an organization are polite and flattering to superiors but abusive to subordinates. It is believed to have originated in the US, with the first docume ...

Lean thinking

Lean thinking is a business methodology that aims to provide a new way to think about how to organize human activities to deliver more benefits to society and value to individuals while eliminating waste. The term" lean thinking” was coined by Ja ...

Likert's management systems

Likert’s management systems are management styles developed by Rensis Likert in the 1960s. He outlined four systems of management to describe the relationship, involvement, and roles of managers and subordinates in industrial settings. He based t ...

Machiavellianism in the workplace

Machiavellianism in the workplace is a concept studied by many organizational psychologists. Conceptualized originally by Richard Christie and Florence Geis, Machiavellianism refers to a psychological trait concept where individuals behave in a c ...

Macromanagement

Macromanagement is a management theory with two different approaches to the definition that both share a common idea; management from afar. Contrary to micromanagement where managers closely observe and control the works of their employees, macro ...

Management buy-in

A management buy-in occurs when a manager or a management team from outside the company raises the necessary finance, buys it, and becomes the companys new management. A management buy-in team often competes with other purchasers in the search fo ...

Management buyout

A management buyout is a form of acquisition in which a companys existing managers acquire a large part, or all, of the company, whether from a parent company or non-artificial person. Management-, and/or leverage d buyout became noted phenomena ...

Management due diligence

Management due diligence is the process of appraising a companys senior management - evaluating each individuals effectiveness in contributing to the organizations strategic objectives. Assessing company management is crucial when closing busines ...

Management entrenchment

Management is a type of labor but with a special role-coordinating the activities of inputs and carrying out the contracts agreed among inputs, all of which can be characterized as "decision making". Managers usually face disciplinary forces by m ...

Management process

Management process is a process of setting goals, planning and/or controlling the organizing and leading the execution of any type of activity, such as: a project management process or a process management process, sometimes referred to as the pr ...

Management science

Management science is the broad interdisciplinary study of problem solving and decision making in human organizations, with strong links to management, economics, business, engineering, management consulting, and other fields. It uses various sci ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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